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Why do Matthew’s and Mark’s Listings of the Names of Apostles Differ from Luke’s in Listing Thaddeus instead of a Second Judas?


Why do Matthew’s and Mark’s listings of the names of apostles differ from Luke’s in listing Thaddeus instead of a second Judas?


The apostle Thaddeus mentioned in the Gospels of Matthew (10:3) and Mark (3:18) is one and the same as the first Judas mentioned in Luke (6:16). It is likely that this apostle was called by other names to avoid confusing him with Judas Iscariot. A Catholic Commentary on Holy Scripture explains:

Doubtless like others of his time he enjoyed several names, and it is natural that the early Christians should have avoided the name he shared with the traitor. (p. 948)

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