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Dear catholic.com visitors: This website from Catholic Answers, with all its many resources, is the world's largest source of explanations for Catholic beliefs and practices. A fully independent, lay-run, 501(c)(3) ministry that receives no funding from the institutional Church, we rely entirely on the generosity of everyday people like you to keep this website going with trustworthy , fresh, and relevant content. If everyone visiting this month gave just $1, catholic.com would be fully funded for an entire year. Do you find catholic.com helpful? Please make a gift today. Thank you. Wishing you a blessed Lenten season.

Joseph Shaw

Contributor

Joseph Shaw is a senior research fellow at St. Benet’s Hall, Oxford, and a member of the Faculty of Philosophy. He has a Doctorate in philosophy from Oxford University, where he also gained a first degree in politics and philosophy and a graduate diploma in theology. He has published on ethics and philosophy of religion and is the editor of The Case for Liturgical Restoration: Una Voce Position Papers on the Extraordinary Form (Angelico Press). He is a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and chairman of the Latin Mass Society. He lives in Oxfordshire with his wife and nine children.

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