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Dear catholic.com visitors: This website from Catholic Answers, with all its many resources, is the world's largest source of explanations for Catholic beliefs and practices. A fully independent, lay-run, 501(c)(3) ministry that receives no funding from the institutional Church, we rely entirely on the generosity of everyday people like you to keep this website going with trustworthy , fresh, and relevant content. If everyone visiting this month gave just $1, catholic.com would be fully funded for an entire year. Do you find catholic.com helpful? Please make a gift today. Thank you. Wishing you a blessed Lenten season.

What happened to the three prayers at the end of Low Mass?

Question:

I remember three prayers that used to be said after the Low Mass. One was to St. Michael the Archangel. What were these prayers called and when were they removed?

Answer:

The prayers you’re referring to are called the Leonine prayers after Pope Leo XIII, who asked they be recited after Low Mass for the intention of the whole Church. Later, Pope Pius XI requested they be said for the conversion of Russia. The prayers consisted of three Hail Marys, one Hail Holy Queen, a prayer to St. Michael the Archangel, and a three-fold invocation to the Sacred Heart.

These prayers were never part of the Roman Missal. The instruction to remove the prayers came before the Second Vatican Council closed in 1964.

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