How can I talk my friend out of joining a schismatic branch of Catholicism?
I have a friend who is flirting with a radical form of Catholic traditionalism. Sometimes he talks about modernist heretics taking over the magisterium and betraying Catholic tradition. He has canned arguments about things like religious freedom and dialogue, universalism, liturgical norms, and so forth. He says he can't be in schism since he's just clinging to Catholic tradition. What can I say to him?
Point out that his claim about "clinging to tradition" is precisely what is claimed by all schismatics--Orthodox, Donatists, even, in their own way, Protestants, who say they believe only what was "handed down" by the apostles in Scripture.
Everyone says that what he is clinging to (as against Rome) is "tradition." But when you ask these people how they know that their views rather than Rome's represent the true tradition, they all fall back on private judgment: "Look how this Romanist practice or decree contradicts this earlier council or text of Scripture! Clearly our view--not Rome's--represents tradition (or biblical teaching)."
In practice, schismatics do not receive their church's teaching on their church's authority; they accept their church's authority because their church agrees with their preferred beliefs. They don't accept the message at the word of the messenger; they choose the messenger based on the message.
Ask your friend who is the arbiter of what does or does not constitute tradition: the individual or the magisterium? Either the Church is our judge or we are its judge. Either we judge our ideas by the teaching of the Church or we judge the teaching of the Church by our ideas. And that includes our ideas about tradition.