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Dear catholic.com visitors: This Catholic Answers website, with all its free resources, is the world’s largest source of explanations for Catholic beliefs and practices. We receive no funding from the institutional Church and rely entirely on your generosity to sustain this website with trustworthy, accessible content. If every visitor this month donated $1, catholic.com would be fully funded for an entire year. If you’ve never made a gift, now is the time. Your donation will be matched dollar for dollar this week only. Thanks and God bless.

Simon Brute de Remur

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Brute de Remur, SIMON WILLIAM GABRIEL, first Bishop of Vincennes, Indiana, U.S.A. (now Indianapolis), b. at Rennes, France, March 20, 1779; d. at Vincennes, June 26, 1839. His father was Simon-Guillaume-Gabriel Brute de Remur, of an ancient and respectable family, and Superintendent of the Royal Domains in Brittany; and his mother, Jeanne-Renee Le Saulnier de Vauhelle Vatar, widow of Francis Vatar, printer to the King and Parliament at Rennes. Young Brute had attended the schools of his native city several years when the Revolution interrupted his studies. He then learned and practiced the business of a compositor in the printing establishment of his mother, where she placed him to avoid his enrolment in a regiment of children who took part in the fusilades of the Reign of Terror. This did not prevent his witnessing many horrible and exciting scenes, and in his diary he mentions having been present at the trial and precipitate execution of priests and nobles in the cause of their religion. He frequented the prisons and made friends of the guards, who admitted him to the cells, where he received and delivered letters for the clergy incarcerated there. More than once he bore in his bosom to these suffering heroes the Blessed Sacrament.

In 1796 Brute began the study of medicine, and in spite of the avowed infidelity then prevalent in the schools, he remained proof against sophistry and ridicule. He was graduated in 1803, but did not practice medicine, as he immediately entered upon his ecclesiastical studies, which he pursued for four years at the Seminary of Saint-Sulpice, Paris. Ordained priest on the 11th of June, 1808, he joined the Society of Saint-Sulpice and, after teaching theology for two years, h e sailed for the United States with Bishop-elect Flaget (1810). A t S t. Mary’s Seminary, Baltimore, he taught philosophy for two years and then was sent for a short time to the Eastern Shore of Maryland. He was transferred thence to Mt. St. Mary’s, Emmitsburg, where he taught and at the same time performed the duties of pastor for the Catholics of that vicinity with such devotion that he became known as the “Angel of the Mount”. During this period he became the spiritual director of Mother Seton, foundress of the Sisters of Charity in the United States, with whom he maintained a lifelong friendship.

In 1815 he was appointed President of St. Mary’s College, Baltimore, but after three years (1818) he returned to Emmitsburg. In 1826, Mt. St. Mary’s College being no longer dependent upon the Fathers of Saint-Sulpice, its founders, Father Brute ceased to belong to that society, but continued his duties at the “Mountain” until 1834, when he was appointed to the newly created See of Vincennes. He was consecrated in St. Louis, October the 28th, 1834, by the Right Rev. Benedict J. Flaget, Bishops Rosati and Purcell assisting. After travelling over his vast diocese, comprising the whole State of Indiana and eastern Illinois, Bishop Brute visited France, where he secured priests and funds for the erection of churches and schools in his needy diocese.

Bishop Brute left no published work except some ephemeral contributions, which, over the pseudonym “Vincennes”, appeared in various journals, notably the Cincinnati “Catholic Telegraph”. It is to be regretted that he did not write an autobiography, for which his Memoranda, Notes, and Diary seem a preparation. They teem with interest, and show him to have been the friend of famous men in France. Conspicuous among the number was de Lamennais, whom he tried to reconcile with the Church both by his letters from this country, as well as by conferring with him personally during one of his visits to France, but without success.

MICHAEL F. DINNEEN


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