French priest of the Oratory, b. at Blois, in 1591; d. at Paris, Feb. 28, 1659
Morin, JEAN, a French priest of the Oratory, b. at Blois, in 1591; d. at Paris, February 28, 1659. According to Dupin, whose judgment posterity has confirmed, he was the most learned Catholic author of the seventeenth century. Born a Calvinist, he was converted by Cardinal Duperron, and in 1618 joined the Oratory at Paris. At first he was superior in houses of his congregation at Orleans and Angers; in 1625 he was in attendance on Queen Henrietta of France in England; in 1628 he returned to Paris, where he remained until his death, with the exception of a sojourn of a few months in Rome, whither he had been called by Urban VIII in 1640 to aid in bringing. about the union of the Greeks and Latins. An order from Richelieu recalled him to Paris, where he continued the publishing of his learned works, at the same time laboring to convert heretics and Jews, many of whom he brought to the true Faith. The General Assemblies of the French clergy often appealed to his great erudition, and entrusted him with various tasks. He kept up a correspondence and was often in controversy with the noted savants of the day, such as Muis, Buxtorf, etc.
His chief works are: “Histoire dt la deliverance de l’Eglise chretienne par l’empereur Constantin et de la grandeur et souverainete temporelle donnee l’Eglise romaine par les rois de France” (Paris, 1630); “Exercitationes ecclesiasticae in utrumque Samaritanorum Pentateuchum” (Paris, 1631), in which he maintained that the Samaritan text and the Septuagint should be preferred to the Hebrew text, a position he upheld again in the following work: “Exercitationes biblicae de Hebrwi Glriecique textus sinceritate.” (Paris, 1663, 1669, 1686); “Commentarius historicus de discipline in adtninistratione sacramenti Poenitentiae XIII primus sahulis” (Paris, 1651); “Commentaries de sacris Ecclesiw t rdinationibus” (Paris, 1655; Antwerp, 1695; Rome, 1151). The two preceding works are very important for the history of the sacraments. Morin also published: “Biblia graeca sive Vetus testamentum secundum Septuaginta” (Paris, 1628); and in Lejay’s “Polyglotte’, vol. V (1645), “Pentateuchus hebrwosamaritanus” and “Pentateuchus samaritanus”. He left several mtsnuscript works.
A.M. P. INGOLD