Flaminius Annibali de Latera
Historian, b. at Latera, near Viterbo, Nov. 23, 1733; d. at Viterbo, Feb. 27, 1813
Latera, FLAMINIUS ANNIBALI DE, historian, b. at Latera, near Viterbo, November 23, 1733; d. at Viterbo, February 27, 1813. He received his first education from a priest, Paolo Ferranti and at the age of sixteen entered the Order of Friars Minor Observants in the Roman Province, taking the habit at the convent of St. Bernardine at Orte, January 23, 1750; a year later on the same day he made his solemn profession. Being in due time ordained priest, he passed his examinations as lector generalis (professor), and successively taught theology in various convents—Viterbo, Fano, Velletri, and Rome. From 1790 to 1791 he was definitor general of the order, and from 1794 to 1797 superior of the Roman Province. When the convents in Italy were suppressed by Napoleon I in 1810, Annibali retired to Viterbo, and died there in a private residence.
De Latera during fifty years developed immense activity as a writer. Unfortunately he lived at a time when Franciscan history had just passed through the great and passionate Spader-Ringhieri and Lucci-Marczic controversies, which circumstances had a notable influence on his writings: instead of using his remarkable talents for constructive work, he wrote mostly with a polemical motive. Still his merits are great enough to secure him an honorable place in Franciscan literature. His chief works are (I) “Ad Bullarium Franciscanum a P. Hyacintho Sbaralea Ord. Min. Conv…. editum, Supplementum” (Rome, 1780), dedicated to Pope Pius VI, by whose orders it was written to correct the Conventual interpretations of Sbaralea [see “Archiv f. Litt. u. Kirchengeschichte”, I (1885), 516-17]. (2) “Manuale de’ Frati Minori . con un appendice, o sia risposta all’ au-tore (P. Sangallo, O.M. Con.) del Saggio compendioso della dottrina di Giustino Febbronio” (Rome, 1776). This latter work occasioned great controversies, which partly took a violent and abusive form. (3) “Dissertations critico-historiaw in quarum una Ser. Patriarcha Franciscus Tertii Ordinis institutor, in altera Indulgentiae Portiunculae veritas asseritur et vindicatur (Rome, 1784). (4) “Veritas impressionis Sacrorum Stigmatum in corpore Seraphici S. Francisci Assisiensis …” (Rome, 1786). (5) “La storia della Indulgenza concessa da Gesu Cristo … nella Chiesa della Portiuncula si dimostra Vera” (Rome, 1796). The last three books were written against rationalistic attacks of the time, concerning which see Pezzana, “Memorie degli Scrittori e Letterati Parmigiani”, VI, pt. I, 127 (Parma, 1825). When the Benedictine Pujati had, by order of Scipio Ricci of unhappy memory, written against the traditional form of the Stations of the Cross, Annibali, with the Franciscans Affo and Tommaso da Cireglio, was charged to answer; he then wrote (6) “La Pratica del pio Esercizio della Via Crucis. vendicata dalle obbiezioni di D. Giuseppe Ma Pujati, Monaco Casinese .” (Viterbo, 1783; 2nd ed., Viterbo, 1785). (7) “La Difesa dell’ antico metodo della Via Crucis e la Censura del nuovo” (against the “Annali ecclesiastici” of Florence) (Viterbo, 1783). An important but little-known work is (8) “Compendio della Storia degli Ordini religiosi esistenti” (4 vols., Rome, 1790-91); 2nd ed. of the same with the title “Storia degli Ordini regolari.” (Naples, 1796). (9) A life of St. Collette, in Italian (Rome, 1805; 2nd ed., Rome, 1807). (10) Italian life of St. Hyacintha Mariscotti (Rome, 1805; 2nd ed., Rome, 1807). (11) New edition of “F. Francisci Horantii Hispani (O.F.M.) … Locorum Catholicorum … libri VII” (2 vols., Rome, 1795-96). (12) Annibali worked at the reform of the Franciscan Breviary, 1784-85, and composed many new offices edited separately at Rome, 1785 (see “Archivum Franc. Hist.”, I, Quaracchi, 1908, 45-49). (13) An Italian hymn-book (Viterbo, 1772). After his death appeared (14) “Notizie storiche della Casa Farnese della fu Citth di Castro toll’ aggiunta di due Paesi Latera e Farnese” (in 2 parts, Montefiascone, 1817-18). We omit some other works, as well as the anonymous and pseudonymous pamphlets of the author.