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Dear Catholic.com visitor: Summer is here, and you may be thinking about a well-deserved vacation, family get-togethers, BBQs with neighborhood friends. More than likely, making a donation to Catholic Answers is not on your radar right now. But this is exactly the time we most need your help. The “summer slowdown” in donations is upon us, but the work of spreading the gospel and explaining and defending the Faith never takes a break. Your gift today will change lives and save souls for Christ this summer! The reward is eternal. Thank you and God bless.

Dear Catholic.com visitor: Summer is here, and you may be thinking about a well-deserved vacation, family get-togethers, BBQs with neighborhood friends. More than likely, making a donation to Catholic Answers is not on your radar right now. But this is exactly the time we most need your help. The “summer slowdown” in donations is upon us, but the work of spreading the gospel and explaining and defending the Faith never takes a break. Your gift today will change lives and save souls for Christ this summer! The reward is eternal. Thank you and God bless.

Etienne Agard de Champs

Jesuit theologian and author (1613-1701)

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Champs, ETIENNE AGARD DE, a distinguished theologian and author, b. at Bourges, September 2, 1613; d. at Paris (according to De Backer, at La Fleche), July 31, 1701. He entered the Jesuit novitiate in 1630, and later, in Paris, was professor of rhetoric, philosophy, and theology; he was rector at Rennes, thrice rector at Paris, head of the professed house, twice provincial of France, and once provincial of Lyons. Jansenism, the one topic of debate in the France of his day, is the theme of all his books.

Writing under the name of Richard Antonills, he composed: “Defensio Censure Sacrae Facultatis Parisiensis—seu Disputatio Theologica de libero arbitrio” (Paris, 1645). This solid treatise was well received, and went through five editions in two years. It called forth a reply from Vincent Lenis in his “Theriaca” (Paris, 1648), which occasioned the “Antonii Ricardi Theologi Responsio ad objectiones Vincentianas” (Paris, 1648). He defends the Sorbonne in his “De Haeresi Janseniana,” (1654). Among his other works the best known is “Le secret du Jansenisme decouvert et refute par un Docteur Catholique” (Paris, 1651).

LEO F. O’NEIL


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