Cavedoni, CELESTINO, an Italian ecclesiastic, archaeologist, and numismatist; b. May 18, 1795, at Levizzano-Rangone, near Modena; d. November 26, 1865, at Modena. He pursued his theological studies in the diocesan seminary, and from 1816 to 1821 distinguished himself in the study of archaeology and the Greek and Hebrew languages at the University of Bologna. He was then appointed custodian of the Numismatical Museum of Modena, and received a position in the City Library, of which he became librarian in 1847. From 1830 to 1863 he held the chair of hermeneutics at the University of Modena. Cavedoni was, moreover, a corresponding member of the commission created by Napoleon III to edit the works of Count Bartolommeo Borghesi, to which collection he contributed numerous scientific notes. Among his numismatic works may be mentioned: “Saggio di osservazioni sulle medaglie di famiglie romane” (1829); “Carellii nummorum Italiw Veteris tabulae” (Leipzig, 1850); “Numismatica Biblica” (Modena, 1850; German tr. by Werlhof, Hanover, 1855-56). Cavedoni contributed numerous historical and archaeological papers to the “Annali” and the “Bullettino” of the Archaeological Institute of Rome and to other Italian publications. In religious polemics he wrote a refutation of Renan’s “Life of Jesus”, which passed through four editions in several months: “Confutazione dei principali errori di Ernesto Renan nella sua Vie de Jesus” (Modena, 1863).
N. A. WEBER