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Ceremonial stockings of silk worn by the celebrant of a pontifical Mass

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Buskins (caligae), ceremonial stockings of silk, sometimes interwoven with gold threads, and even heavily embroidered, worn by the celebrant of a pontifical Mass. Originally worn by priests, they were reserved about the eighth century for the exclusive use of bishops, a privilege recently extended to lesser prelates. In color they correspond to the chasuble, but are never worn with black.


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