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Dear catholic.com visitors: This Catholic Answers website, with all its free resources, is the world’s largest source of explanations for Catholic beliefs and practices. We receive no funding from the institutional Church and rely entirely on your generosity to sustain this website with trustworthy, accessible content. If every visitor this month donated $1, catholic.com would be fully funded for an entire year. If you’ve never made a gift, now is the time. Your donation will be matched dollar for dollar this week only. Thanks and God bless.

Capharnaum

A titular see of Palestine. It is frequently mentioned in the Gospels

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Capharnaum, a titular see of Palestine. Its name (also KAPERNAUM) means village of Nahum or consolation. It is frequently mentioned in the Gospels: Jesus, when repelled by the Nazarenes, made it His new abode (Matt., iv, 13; Luke, iv, 31; John, ii, 12); He chose there his first disciples, Peter, Andrew, James, John, Matthew (Matt., iv, 18, 21; ix, 9; Mark i, 16); He cured there the centurion’s servant, Peter’s mother-in-law, a paralytic, a demoniac, the Haemorrhoissa, etc.; it was there that He brought to life again the daughter of Jairus, and delivered many discourses, especially the one concerning the institution of the Eucharist (John, vi). The inhabitants, however, at the instigation of the Pharisees, broke off with Him, and Jesus, on leaving their city, cursed it (Matt., xi, 23). Under Constantine the Great, Count Joseph, a converted Jew, built a church there which the pilgrim known as “Pseudo-Antoninus” visited in the sixth century. Since then the town has not been mentioned in the history of Palestine. It was never a Greek see, nor even a Latin one in the Middle Ages. Lequien, it is true (III, 719), quotes a document concerning the ecclesiastical province of Scythopolis, in Palestina Secunda, wherein we read: “Ibi sunt adhuc Bethsaida, Naim et Capharnaum, sed alio nomine vocitantur nee habent episcopos”. Just when it became a Latin titular see is not known, the title now being held by the coadjutor to the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem. Capharnaum must be identified with Tell-Houm on the north bank of the Lake of Tiberias. There are splendid ruins there, chiefly of a magnificent synagogue seventy-two feet long and fifty-four feet wide. In a little convent on this site some Franciscans reside for the reception of pilgrims. According to some archaeologists the site of Capharnaum is not at Tell-Houm, but in the vicinity, on the way to Tiberias, either at Khan-Minieh or at Aln-Tabigah. In the latter place the Cologne Catholic Society conducts an agricultural colony.

S. VAILHE


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