Why do Matthew's and Mark's listings of the names of apostles differ from Luke's in listing Thaddeus instead of a second Judas?


Full Question

Why do Matthew's and Mark's listings of the names of apostles differ from Luke's in listing Thaddeus instead of a second Judas?

Answer

The apostle Thaddeus mentioned in the Gospels of Matthew (10:3) and Mark (3:18) is one and the same as the first Judas mentioned in Luke (6:16). It is likely that this apostle was called by other names to avoid confusing him with Judas Iscariot. A Catholic Commentary on Holy Scripture explains:

Doubtless like others of his time he enjoyed several names, and it is natural that the early Christians should have avoided the name he shared with the traitor. (p. 948)


Jim Blackburn