6 results
Matthew E. Bunson
The great Italian humanist and poet Petrarch wrote of the popes during the so-called Avignon Papacy:Now I am living in France, in the Babylon...
Matthew E. Bunson
The history of Colonial England in America is one of great irony: The same Protestant groups who fled England in pursuit of toleration and...
Matthew E. Bunson
On the night of October 4, 1582, the citizens of Spain and its colonies, Portugal, Poland, and most of Italy went to bed and woke up 10 days...
Robert P. Lockwood
Last fall, a macabre news item made for squeamish reading: At an auction in England in November, more than $11,000 was paid for a 17th-century...
Robert P. Lockwood
Every writer knows that a solid gold metaphor can be more powerful than a fact. At the same time, some of our most pervasive metaphors can...
Robert P. Lockwood
It was an ill-fated conspiracy with disastrous consequences. On November 5, 1605, a small group of fanatic Catholics in England planned to blow...