How to Quote the Bible Like a Pro

May 16, 2013 | 4 comments

Are you able to quote book, chapter, and verse numbers for every Bible passage that you know? If not, does it prevent you from engaging in faith discussions with people who are able to?

I often hear from Catholics who admit that they are intimidated by how well many anti-Catholics seem to know the Bible. When challengers come around slinging Bible verses left and right, these otherwise knowledgeable Catholics clam up, shying away from the conversation in fear of embarrassment. They know what the Bible says but, since they cannot cite many verses off the top of their heads, they feel ill-equipped to defend their faith. Do you ever feel this way? If so, you would probably like to do something about it.

One option is to invest some time and effort into memorizing Bible verses. There are more than a few resources available to assist with this. Another option is to keep a handy “Bible Cheat Sheet” with you (see below to order one). This is a great resource to have when faced with many of the most common challenges to the Catholic Faith.

But there is a third option that can be implemented right now: Go ahead and jump into the fray just as you are! If you have a fairly good grasp of the Bible and are able to at least paraphrase what you know it says, there is no shame in being unable to pinpoint, off the cuff, precise book, chapter, and verse citations. If pressed to do so, you can always offer to look up citations later. Bible websites and software make it quite easy to find them.

You might feel uneasy about jumping in, but you shouldn’t. Chapter and verse numbers did not originally appear in the Bible. In fact, the division into chapters as we have them today was introduced in the thirteenth century. Division into verses came in the sixteenth century. So, for the bulk of the history of Christendom, chapter and verse citations were not used at all. Granted, citations are often quite helpful, especially in written correspondence. But knowing them by heart simply is not a required prerequisite for discussing Scripture.

Consider the examples of the sacred authors and biblical figures themselves. The Bible is full of vague references to other Scripture passages. For example, after Joshua led the Israelites into the Promised Land, the sacred author of the book of Joshua tells us that they built an altar to the Lord as had been commanded by Moses and the elders in Deuteronomy 27:5 (Josh. 8:31). Of course, the sacred author did not cite the chapter and verse numbers, which would not be added until about three thousand years later. Instead, he simply cited “the book of the law of Moses.”

References to “the law” are quite common in the Bible and they may refer either broadly to its first five books, the Pentateuch, known as “Torah,” a Hebrew term meaning “teaching” or “instruction,” or more specifically to an individual book such as Deuteronomy, a Greek term meaning “second law.” Vague references to this part of the Bible, even when citing specific points of the law, often sufficed for both the sacred authors and the biblical figures they wrote about.

We find such phrases as “the book of the law of Moses” (e.g., 2 Kings 14:6 referring to Deut. 24:16), “the book of the covenant” (e.g., 2 Kings 23:21 referring to Deut. 16:2), and, simply, “the law of Moses” (e.g., Dan. 9:11 referring to Deut. 28:15ff) each citing specific Bible verses or passages that are often cited more precisely today. They often are, but such precise citations clearly are not an absolute requirement, especially in casual conversation.

Some might argue at this point that the Pentateuch may have originally been one long document without divisions so people had no way to be more specific in their citations. However, even if the Pentateuch was originally one long document, more specific references could have been provided by, for example, providing more contextual information for citations. In any case, at least by the time the Septuagint appeared in the last few centuries before Christ, the Pentateuch had been divided into five books, and yet New Testament sacred authors and biblical figures continued to use vague citations.

Luke vaguely referred to “the law of Moses” and “the law of the Lord” (citing Lev. 12:2-8, Ex. 13:2, and Num. 18:15) in Luke 2:22-24 and Paul, in 1 Corinthians 9:9, simply referenced, “the law of Moses” (citing Deut. 25:4). Peter even used a much more vague reference in 1 Peter 1:16 in which he cited Leviticus 11:44-45 with nothing more than “it is written." Jesus often used this phrase when referencing Old Testament Scripture passages (e.g., see Matt 4:1-11).

Other parts of the Old Testament (e.g., the Psalms and Prophets) are often similarly vaguely cited throughout the New Testament. Many more examples could be provided, but I think you get the point: It is not necessary to cite every book, chapter, and verse number when quoting Scripture, so don’t let your inability to do so keep you from engaging in Bible discussion. Until you are able to provide more specific citations, you can always follow the example of the author of the letter to the Hebrews and simply say, “It has been testified somewhere” (Heb. 2:6 citing Ps. 8:4-6).

Jim Blackburn is a Catholic Apologist, Author, and Speaker. He holds a Masters Degree in Theology from John Paul the Great Catholic University and is the author of several books including 101 Quick Questions With Catholic Answers: Marriage, Divorce, and Annulment20 Answers: Scripture and...

Bible Cheat Sheet
Organizes over 500 verses showing the biblical basis for more than 50 Catholic doctrines - all in two pages! The amazing Bible Cheat Sheet helps you answer the majority of non-Catholic objections. Fold it in half, put in your Bible and never be unprepared again.

Comments by Members

#1  Bridget Bordelon - Jonesville, Louisiana

Thank you for the article. If the Internet and sites such as this with authors like the ones here, I wouldn't have left the Church at 18(I returned at 60). There is finally a place for me to find the answers to the questions I've had for 40+ years. Thanks again.

November 22, 2013 at 6:03 pm PST
#2  andrew janssen - poquoson, Virginia

Jim - I couldn't comment on your 'not by scripture alone' article, so I found the next best thing.

In that article - you TOTALLY ignore ALL the verses in the NT (primarily by Jesus) which condemn tradition over scripture...

Not surprising, but dishonest.



September 30, 2014 at 9:31 am PST
#3  raymond langdon - fort erie, Ontario

Andrew: You seem to not know that the Bible is because it was first of all Tradition ! Jesus condemn human tradition and not Divine Tradition with a captital T and of which overides God's Traditions and an example of this Jesus clearly said so. Example of this is when people place their parents away and do not bother with them anymore. This overides the Tradition that says : Honour thy parents! And other examples. This is a difference between Divine Tranditions and just human ones. You erred and need to apologize to Jim.

September 30, 2014 at 5:52 pm PST
#4  andrew janssen - poquoson, Virginia

Raymond - I agree, but that's what I'm also saying people are doing today with things they ascribe to God. Why do you believe that every tradition out of the church is divine? The traditions Jesus spoke against were out of the God-established church.

No error...

Thank you for your response, though.


October 1, 2014 at 5:44 am PST

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